NGOs Working for Environmental Protection in India


India is blessed with an abundance of natural beauty and a variety of ecosystems. But the growing pressure from human population and development has been stressing India’s environment. The government, along with several NGOs, has taken steps to protect the environment by initiating various conservation campaigns focusing on environmental protection.

Non-government organizations (NGOs) are those organizations which are non-profit and non-political in nature. They serve as bridge between humans and nature, creating awareness and taking necessary actions for environmental conservation. They believe in involving people in the entire process of executing conservation plans.

In this article, we shall discuss top 10 NGOs that are working tirelessly to conserve India’s precious environment through different activities like creating environmental awareness, implementing sustainable solutions etc. These organizations have worked relentlessly towards spreading knowledge about global warming, deforestation, water scarcity etc., educated rural people about biodiversity protection and more so as to endeavour in keeping our planet safe for future generations.

Overview of NGOs

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played an important role in promoting and protecting the environment in India. These organizations have been working on the ground to protect local ecosystems, raise funds, increase awareness, and monitor the impact of human activities on the environment.

In this article, we will discuss some of the most active NGOs in India that are making a real difference in terms of environmental protection:

Centre for Science and Environment

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is one of those non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that have been endeavoring continuously to protect our environment. It is a leading organization offering research, education, advocacy and policy initiatives to halt the fast deteriorating environment of India. This organisation was established in 1980 as an Indian public trust in New Delhi, with a mission for sustainable development and has fostered public awareness campaigns and movements that have enabled people to take charge of their own destinies.

The Centre’s programs span from

  • air pollution
  • water pollution control
  • urban transport planning
  • municipal waste management
  • resource efficient methods such as energy conservation

CSE has been successful in putting pressure on unregulated industries to be accountable for their environmental violations by taking legal action against polluting industries through the public interest litigation system. It also works towards increasing environmental literacy in the country’s educational institutions while advocating policy changes at the government level. Moreover, CSE also spearheads campaigns such as anti-plastic awareness drives, improving agricultural efficiency by organic farming etc., It has hosted several international conferences such as The International Conference on Climate Change (2009), Cleaner Vehicle Technologies Conference (2013) and The South Asian Conference on Air Pollution (2015).

Greenpeace India

Greenpeace India is a non-governmental organization (NGO) working to protect and conserve the environment all around the world. The NGO is headquartered in Bengaluru, Karnataka and aims to promote environmentalism with the objective of ensuring environmental sustainability.

In India, the organization has been very active in the following fields: raising awareness on bio-diversity, protecting water bodies and forests, campaigning against air pollution, climate change. Greenpeace India also takes part in research initiatives to map out landfill hotspots and also raises awareness on reducing single-use plastics.

Greenpeace India has several ongoing campaigns and programmes like Landfill Mapping Programme (LMP), Water Warriors Programme which involves restoration of water bodies across major cities towards addressing water conservation issues by engaging citizens in these efforts coupled with other interventions. Campaign activities revolve around Air Pollution campaign, Climate Change campaign and Move On Plastic Free campaign creating mass awareness about climate risks related to polluted air, aggressive waste management practices related to single use plastic packaging and persist Plastisphere pollutants like Microplastics and Litter respectively.

They also have partnerships with corporates for renewable energy projects that address clean energy transition goals set forth by various nations governmental policies for investments for renewable energy sources’ furtherance towards sustainable development goals addressing policies on climate change mitigation strategies like energy efficiency enhancement stipulated by UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Greenpeace’s strategy revolves around ‘Institutional Engagement’ aspect through policy advocacy involving engaging public health stakeholders such as Medical authority participating in activities having direct correlation between ambient air quality regulating the state of health & well being of citizens at risk zones based interventions across polluted cities like Delhi & Mumbai etc.,

Wildlife Trust of India

The Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) is a conservation organization based in New Delhi, India, that works for the protection of wildlife and its habitat in the country. Established in 1989, WTI works hand-in-hand with local communities, forest departments and other conservation organizations to protect endangered species and their habitats while sustaining local livelihoods.

WTI has accomplished several landmark accomplishments in its 30-year history, including:

  • the establishment of two national parks – Ranthambhore and Corbett –along with numerous state-level parks and sanctuaries.
  • the organization also runs long-term projects that focus on animal rescue operations, eco-development initiatives such as human resource management and alternative energy solutions for rural communities located adjacent to forests.

Through its various conservation projects implemented throughout India, WTI strives to build awareness about wildlife management and create economic development initiatives centered around wildlife tourism. The organization receives support from the government, charitable trust funds, corporations and individuals from around the world.

The Energy and Resources Institute

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) is an independent, research-oriented nonprofit organization and one of India’s leading NGOs. Located in New Delhi, TERI was founded in 1974 by Dr. RK Pachauri with a mission to carry out sustainable development projects and research in the fields of energy, environment and biotechnology.

The organization carries out policy development and analysis, research on energy efficiency, environmental management and climate change mitigation, organizing campaigns to create awareness regarding environmental issues as well as training & capacity building activities.

Since its inception, TERI has carved a niche for itself in the field of energy studies as it provides first-hand insights into policy processes at all levels in India. It provides strategic advice to governments across different states within India as well as internationally while playing an integral role at the global platform related to sustainable development initiatives. Its expertise has been recognized by various international organizations such as the World Bank; United Nations Development Programme; United Nations Environment Programme; International Institute for Sustainable Development; Global Environmental Facility among many others.

At present TERI is active across India through 8 regional offices (Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Guwahati Shillong , Assam , Ranchi , Jharkhand) along with 16 other centres spread over 7 cities namely Mumbai , Hyderabad , Kolkata Nainital Amarkantak Chandigarh Ahmedabad Jaipur Mandla Gurgaon. ERI further operates two international offices based in London and Tokyo which serve to coordinate TERI’s global engagements that expand its reach around the world. Apart from this through its educational arm TERI University it provides higher education in various specialisations of energy , forestry , bioengineering etc.

Projects and Initiatives

Environmental protection is a growing concern amongst organizations and NGOs in India. Many NGOs are working hard to create projects that help conserve India’s natural resources and protect the environment for future generations.

These projects are focused on improving air and water quality, protecting wildlife and ecosystems, reducing pollution, and addressing climate change. We will look at some of the projects and initiatives undertaken by NGOs in India to protect the environment:

CSE’s Pollution Monitoring Network

In order to ensure that air quality and water safety standards are maintained, the Center for Systems Engineering (CSE) has proposed a Pollution Monitoring Network for the city. This initiative is focused on monitoring environmental conditions in order to accurately detect and address potential pollution risks throughout the metropolitan area. Specifically, this network uses strategically placed environmental tracking stations which process data from sensors around the city and produce an aggregated report. In addition, real-time analysis of air quality and water safety can be conducted with these stations in order to provide alerts when needed. By leveraging advancements in IoT technologies, CSE plans to make its Pollution Monitoring Network more comprehensive and efficient than ever before.

The Pollution Monitoring Network consists of two types of sensor monitors: air quality monitors (AQMs) and water qualty sensors (WQMs). The AQMs are responsible for detecting slight increases or decreases in pollutant levels as well as rapid changes due to external factors such as weather changes or human activity. These monitor will provide detailed readings on particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, ozone levels, etc., which can provide authorities with valuable information about potential health risks posed by pollution. Meanwhile, WQMs will measure biological indicators such as Ecoli bacteria count, nitrate concentration in effluent water sources like lakes and rivers, etc., which can help detect if/when pollutants enter public bodies of water as a result of human activities or failed infrastructure projects.

By implementing this system throughout the city’s metropolitan areas, CSE’s Pollution Monitoring Network will enable local government agencies to quickly receive updates on air & water safety reports that can be used towards more informed policy decisions related to pollution control initiatives. Through significant investment into advanced technologies such as IoT devices and machine learning techniques coupled with strategic partnerships with local communities & industry groups alike – CSE aims to revolutionize the way we manage pollution detection initiatives within our city limits for years to come.

Greenpeace’s Renewable Energy Campaign

Greenpeace’s Renewable Energy Campaign is an effort to promote renewable energy and combat global warming by expanding the use of clean, renewable sources of power. Greenpeace has long been a leader in calling for a move away from fossil fuels and towards reducing emissions. The goal of this campaign is to ensure that governments around the world take decisive action and commit to transitioning their energy structures towards renewables in order to limit emissions and reduce global warming.

The Renewable Energy Campaign has five main goals that it hopes to achieve:

  1. Replacing all coal-fired power plants with renewable energy sources.
  2. Achieving zero nuclear waste production.
  3. Enabling 100% carbon neutral economies through a combination of renewables, efficiency measures, and offsetting remaining emissions.
  4. Decarbonizing transport through electrification.
  5. Creating fair access to sustainable energy solutions for all communities.

Each goal is accompanied by specific tactics in order support its achievement such as hosting multiple public advocacy events, offering support for clean energy initiatives, encouraging nations/cities/companies to set ambitious goals for renewables deployment, and helping build large scale cross-sector collaboration between governments and industry players.

By advancing in all five of these areas, Greenpeace aims to create a healthier planet with plentiful access to affordable renewable energy solutions that are both beneficial for individuals’ well-being as well as necessary for slowing climate change.

WTI’s Wildlife Conservation Initiatives

Wildlife Conservation Initiatives (WTI) is an organization whose mission is to conserve Wildlife and wild areas through science, education and capacity building, inspiring people to take humane actions that benefit both nature and humanity. WTI has numerous ongoing conservation projects, which cover almost all the species they work with and involve technical aspects such as research and monitoring, captive breeding, reintroduction of species into their natural habitat and investigations.

Research: WTI’s research program includes field-based research to gain a better understanding of wildlife species biology, ecology, management strategies, population dynamics and the potential impacts of global environmental changes on these species. It also focuses on creating awareness in the community about wildlife protection.

Captive Breeding: In order to support the conservation of a species’ genetic diversity, WTI engages in captive breeding efforts with animal parks or zoos where animals can be provided safe habitats for births and nurtured for ultimate reintroduction back into their natural habitats.

Reintroduction: Releasing animals bred in captivity back into their natural environment is one of the most important parts of WTI’s conservation efforts. By carefully researching local conditions and introducing only those species that are suitable for local ecological conditions will help ensure healthy populations survive in perpetuity heretofore unimaginable prospects for numerous threatened animals like tigers, snow leopards or rhinoceroses.

Investigations: To uphold legal regulations surrounding endangered wildlife protection laws worldwide including investigating illegal poaching or trade activities are part of WTI’s initiatives has also included legal groundwork such as drafting laws pertaining to hunting/poaching regulations aligned with global best practices/standards (CITES).

TERI’s Solar Energy Projects

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), located in Delhi, is a research institute whose mission is to conduct research and promote sustainable development. A major focus of TERI’s work is the promotion of solar energy projects. Solar energy has the potential to provide clean, affordable and reliable electricity for remote Indian communities so TERI concentrates its efforts on investigating possibilities that are affordable and available to local communities.

Among TERI’s initiatives is the Solar Home Light program which provides solar-powered lighting systems for households in villages or remote areas. This program also serves a dual purpose – knowledge base on management of off-grid solar energy systems is built as part of the installation process, as well as varied insights obtained from remote field locations towards sustainability in impoverished areas.

Additionally, TERI facilitates rural employment and training opportunities related to solar energy projects by utilizing villagers’ resources such as agriculture-waste and skill sets. The training provided by the Institute builds capacity on how to use these resources effectively and efficiently for producing energy for home or other uses through direct operation techniques such as smokeless chulhas (stoves) or bio-gasification systems which reduce dependence on biomass fuels like cow dung cakes etc., thus relieving stress on natural resources in these places drastically.

Given its geographical advantages, India holds considerable potential when it comes to harnessing solar power by installing photovoltaic cells across thousands of acres throughout the country. TERI’s ongoing research acts are providing valuable insights needed to develop such large scale projects while maintaining environmental safety standards at all times so that India may meet its growing needs without compromising sustainability goals.


The NGOs in India have been working extensively to promote environmental protection and conservation of nature. They have played a pivotal role in bringing awareness about the need for conservation of species and ecosystems, developing environmental friendly practices among the common people, promoting education and research related to environment and much more.

The key challenges faced by the NGOs include a lack of resources, limited public awareness about environmental protection, limited regulations for enforcing action on non-conforming entities, etc. Nevertheless, with persistent efforts from various quarters regarding sustainable development and responsible consumption and production, we can see a brighter future for our environment.

The intervention coming from grassroot-level organisations should be encouraged in India as this would bring about long-term changes in terms of better practices being adopted by people across the country. Along with this, there is also a need to mainstream education on conservation amongst students so that they become aware of the importance of preserving nature’s resources at an early age which will help them make informed decisions when they grow up.

With all this being said, it is pertinent to remember that one cannot work alone towards achieving environmental sustainability; it requires collective effort from everyone – individuals as well as institutions both governmental and non-governmental alike – to make sure that future generations will have enough resources to thrive on.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What are some of the NGOs working for environmental protection in India?

A1: Some of the most prominent NGOs working for environmental protection in India are Greenpeace India, Goonj, The Nature Conservancy, WWF India, and the Centre for Environment Education.

Q2: What kind of activities do these NGOs undertake for environmental protection?

A2: The activities undertaken by these NGOs for environmental protection include, but are not limited to, organizing green campaigns, educating people about sustainable development and conservation of natural resources, conducting research to identify ways to reduce pollution and protect wildlife, and providing financial and technical assistance for environment-friendly projects.

Q3: How can I support these NGOs in their efforts?

A3: You can support these NGOs in their efforts by donating to their causes, volunteering your time and expertise, and spreading awareness about their work.